Your guide to doing business in Lithuania
Situated in Northern Europe, Lithuania is the largest of the Baltic States, and is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east, and Poland to the South. Its southeast border connects to the Russian enclave, Kaliningrad Oblast while its west coast meets the Baltic Sea. Following reforms in the 1990s, Lithuania became one of the fastest growing economies in the EU with falling unemployment levels and a highly skilled and multilingual workforce: over 50% of Lithuania’s population speak more than two languages and EU citizens do not require a permit to work in the country. Lithuania is a gateway to a range of lucrative markets, with free-movement road and rail routes to the rest of the Eurozone and four international airports. Lithuania is a stable, democratic republic with a business-friendly tax environment and an excellent communication infrastructure. In 2019, Lithuania had an estimated GDP of $54 billion, with a growth rate of 3.9%. Lithuania is a member of the EU, the UN, NATO, the OECD, and the Nordic Investment Bank, and was ranked 11 on the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Survey 2019.
Businesses can be set up electronically in just a few days provided the entity’s establishment documents comply with the standard forms of documents. Companies will need an in-country bank account in order to register, this generally takes no longer than one day to complete. In order to reserve a company name, the Register of Legal Entities and the Centre of Registers must be visited for an electronic signature.
Lithuania currently ranks 14th in the world for ease of business according to the World Bank’s Doing Business 2019 report.
It is not mandatory to make payments to employees and the authorities from an in-country bank account.
Most banks open at 8am and close early, normally around 3pm.
The working week in Lithuania is generally Monday to Friday, however it may be extended to six days. Working hours are generally 40 hours per week and must not surpass 48 hours per week (this may be extended up to 60 hours per week for employees in several positions), and 12 hours per day.
Full Name: The Republic of Lithuania
Population: 2.795 million (World Bank, 2020)
Major Languages: Lithuanian, English, Russian, German and Polish
Monetary Unit: 1 euro = 100 cents
Main Exports: Mineral fuels including oil, machinery, furniture, plastics, vehicles, wood and tobacco
GNI per Capita: US $19,020 (World Bank, 2019)
Internet Domain: .lt
International Dialing Code: +370
Good Morning Labas Rytas
Good Evening Labas Vakaras
Do you speak English? Ar tu kalbi angliškai
Good Bye Atsisveikinimas
Thank You Ačiū
See you Later Susitikime vėliau
Dates are usually written in the year, month and day sequence. For example, 2019.06.07
Numbers are written with a comma to separate thousands and a period to denote fractions. For example, €3,500.50 (three thousand five hundred euro and fifty cents).
The tax year runs from 1 January to 31 December.
It is not necessary to be licensed to make any tax and/or social security filing on behalf of a customer.
Employment income is taxed at a flat rate of 20%. A progressive PIT rate of 32% will be applicable if employment income exceeds 60 average monthly salaries (EUR 90, 246).
Social security contributions consist of two parts:
The Key Legislative Authorities in Lithuania are:
The State Social Insurance Fund Board under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour
Konstitucijos Ave. 12, 9308, Vilnius
State Tax Inspectorate Under the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania
Vasario 16-th str. 14, 01514 Vilnius
State Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania
19 Algirdo str., LT-03607 Vilnius
29 Gedimino Ave, LT-01500 Vilnius
Employment Department Under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour
3 A Geležinio Vilko str., LT-03131 Vilnius
Payment of Social Security Tax contributions and Social Security Tax reports must be made by the 15th of the following month, or by the first preceding regular working day, if the 15th is not a regular working day (weekend, public holiday).
Personal Income Tax should be paid by the 15th of the following month if salaries were paid from 1st – 15th of the month. If salaries are paid after 15th of the month then they must be paid by the end of the month.
Penalty for late payment is charged at 0.03% interest for each delayed day.
Report: Monthly PIT
Legal name of report: GPM312
Information required to complete form: Total amount of earned and paid salary during the current month.
The documents should be sent to the Tax Authorities by the 15th or last day of the month.
Report: Yearly PIT
Legal name of report: GPM312
Information required to complete form: Employee’s name, surname, ID code, earned and paid income during the financial year.
The documents should be sent to the Tax Authorities by 15th February of the next year.
New starts must be registered by submitting form 1-SD (notification about the beginning of the personal social income) to the Social Security Tax Office no later than one day before the employee begins work.
The employer should make final payment to a leaving employee on their last working day. If the payment is delayed, the employer will pay interest for each delayed day. The Social Security Office must be informed of any leavers by submitting a 2-SD Form (notification of termination) within one working day of the dismissal.
Social Security contributions consist of:
Employees can participate in an additional pension accumulation system. Inclusion into the accumulation system is used as one of the most effective methods to induce people to accumulate for additional pension if they have not started yet. However, it is not a coercive mechanism because any employed person may refuse accumulation if she/he does not want or has some other priorities.
The rate of the contribution is 2.7% and it will increase gradually to 3%. The gradual growth of contribution is indicated below:
2022 – 2.7%
2023 – 3%
If an employee accumulates additional pension funds, the government contributes an additional 0.9% to 1.5%. If the employee wants to pay more from the beginning, he/she should notify the company of pension accumulation.
It is legally acceptable in Lithuania to provide employees with online payslips, these are normally provided via email.
Payroll process options may be as follows:
Employment agreements must be archived for 50 years after the termination and payroll sheets should also be archived for 50 years.