Doing Business in New Zealand

New Zealand is one of the southwest Pacific’s most developed and economically successful nations. Historically an agrarian economy, New Zealand’s financial profile was driven by a global demand for wood, meat and dairy products until the mid-19th century. After an economic downturn in the 1970s, New Zealand diversified, moving beyond its traditionally agricultural roots to develop a vast services sector and a range of large-scale manufacturing industries like metal, textiles, wood, and paper. Industries including mining, food processing, electricity, gas, and waste management also expanded, while the tourism industry grew as an important economic contributor. Today, New Zealand’s economic success continues: it was ranked 1st on the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Survey 2018, and is the 53rd-largest economy in the world by GDP - offering its citizens high wages and a high standard of living. New Zealand has major trading partners across the world including the EU, the United States, China, Malaysia, Japan and South Korea, and is a member of the OECD, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, ANZUS, and the United Nations.

Why invest in New Zealand?

As one of the APAC region’s most prominent economies, there are plenty of reasons to invest in New Zealand, including:

  • Economic strength: New Zealand offers stability and low inflation, and an economy ranked amongst the top 20 sovereigns in the world. Privatisation of utilities and state services has made New Zealand a highly competitive, business-friendly environment.
  • Free Trade Agreements: As a supporter of trade liberalisation, New Zealand has struck numerous free trade agreements with partners all across the world, including Australia, China, South Korea, and the EU. It is also a signatory of the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
  • Transport Infrastructure: Businesses in New Zealand benefit from extensive transport links to the rest of the country, including excellent road and rail links, and sea connections between the two islands. New Zealand has 7 international airports and is serviced by all major airlines.
  • Business Start-up Potential: The process of setting-up a business in New Zealand takes approximately three days, and is known for its ease and simplicity. The OECD ranks New Zealand 3rd for cross-border transactions with foreign partners.
  • Research & Development: New Zealand has a track record of commercially-successful innovation. 40% of New Zealand’s R&D expenditure comes from the private sector, and the country’s ‘Nine Crown’ Research Institute leads the world in public research and commercially-viable ventures - especially in the fields of pharmaceutical production and earthquake monitoring.

Foreign Direct Investment in New Zealand

The New Zealand government actively encourages foreign investment and the country has world class infrastructure to support business activity. New Zealand offers investors a highly skilled workforce and a politically and economically-stable environment.

Registering a Company and Establishing an Entity in New Zealand

Registrations for must be made through the company’s office and all details can be located on the website: www.business.govt.nz.

If a company has to pay employees in New Zealand, it will need to register with the IRD as an Employer. The form required to do this is an IR334 - which can be found through the IRD website: www.ird.govt.nz.

Business Banking in New Zealand

It is not mandatory to make payments to Employees or the authorities from an in-country bank account.

Working Days and Working Hours In New Zealand

The working week in New Zealand is Monday to Friday. Working hours for commercial offices are generally 8am to 5pm. Typically lunch breaks range from between 30 minutes to one hour.

Basic Facts about New Zealand

General Information about New Zealand

Situated in the southwest Pacific Ocean, the nation of New Zealand actually consists of around 600 individual islands, with two main landmasses: North Island and South Island. Historically, New Zealand served as a home to the Maori people, having been settled by Polynesians in the mid 13th century. Later, in the mid-17th century, European explorers arrived in New Zealand to colonise and, in 1841, the country became part of the British Empire. Today, New Zealand is a sovereign nation, with power vested to a democratic parliament led by a prime minister. It is home to large British and Maori-heritage populations but its society is diverse, with significant demographics of Asians and Pacific Islanders. New Zealand’s closest neighbours are Australia to the west, the islands of Fiji, Tonga, and New Caledonia to the north, and Antarctica to the south - but the country has developed strong links across the APAC region. With a range of dramatic natural environments - from snow-capped alps, to volcanic plateaus and jungles - New Zealand is one of the most geographically diverse nations on earth. The country experiences a predominantly temperate climate throughout the year but weather patterns vary sharply across its islands: summers in the north can be hot and dry, but harsh snowfall is common in locations on South Island.

General information

Full Name: New Zealand
Population: 4.693 million (World Bank, 2016)
Capital: Wellington
Major Language: English, Maori
Major Religion: Christianity
Monetary Unit: New Zealand Dollar ($NZ)
Main Exports: Wool, food and dairy products, wood and paper products
GNI per Capita: US $29,050 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet Domain: .nz
International Dialling Code: +64

Dates are usually written in the day, month and year sequence. For example, 1 July 2015 or 1/7/15.

Numbers are written with a period to denote thousands and a comma to denote fractions. For example, NZ$ 3.000,50 (three thousand dollars and fifty cents).

Income Tax & Social Security In New Zealand

Tax Year: The Tax year runs from 1st April to 31st March.

Tax Code: An individual’s Tax code is dependent upon how many sources of income they have, and whether the individual has a student loan. (http://www.ird.govt.nz/how-to/Taxrates-codes/earning-income-Taxcode.html)

Filings: There is no requirement for a third party to be licensed in order to make any tax and/or social security filings on the behalf of a client.

Contributions: As of 1 April 2013, New Zealand Employees’ & Employers’ Kiwisaver minimum contribution rose from 2% to 3%. This is a voluntary scheme.

Further information can be found via the following governmental websites:
Inland Revenue Department (http://www.ird.govt.nz/)
Kiwi Saver (http://www.ird.govt.nz/kiwisaver/)

Income Tax in New Zealand

A Solidarity Surcharge Tax Rate is levied on actual income tax amount. Withholding tax statements and payments are due to be paid to the authorities by the 10th of the following month.
The typical penalty awarded for the late submission is a maximum 10% of the assessed tax. Interest due for late payment is 6% per annum.

Social Security in New Zealand

Kiwisaver
KiwiSaver is a voluntary, work-based savings initiative designed to help employees with their long-term saving for retirement. The initiative includes a range of membership benefits such as regular contributions from employers, and an annual member tax credit paid by the Government.

KiwiSaver is not guaranteed by the Government, and individual schemes are managed by private sector companies called KiwiSaver providers. Employers can choose which KiwiSaver provider to invest with. 

An employee can join KiwiSaver if he/she is:

  • a New Zealand citizen, or entitled to live in New Zealand indefinitely, and
  • living, or normally living, in New Zealand (with some exceptions), and
  • below the age of eligibility for NZ Super (currently 65).

You cannot join KiwiSaver if he/she is:

  • holding a temporary, visitor, work or student permit
  • living overseas, unless he/she is a government employee
  • serving outside New Zealand, and
  • employed on New Zealand terms and conditions, and
  • serving in a jurisdiction where offer of KiwiSaver scheme membership are lawful

Employees are automatically enrolled in Kiwisaver (if eligible) upon starting a new job -  unless they elect to opt-out within a certain period. KiwiSaver contributions are deducted from gross pay each pay period. Currently an employee can choose to contribute at 3%, 4%, or 8%.

A liability to pay the Employer Superannuation Contribution Tax (ESCT) arises when an employer makes a cash contribution to a superannuation scheme (including a KiwiSaver fund) that meets the definition of a superannuation fund - subject to certain exemptions. Generally, the rate of tax withheld is based on the Employee’s marginal tax rate.

For businesses with a total PAYE of less than $100,000, Kiwisaver contributions are due by the 20th of the month following the one in which the deduction was made.
Businesses with a PAYE of $100,000 - $500,000 must file an accompanying form (using the ir-File system), by the 20th of the month following deductions. Businesses with a PAYE of over $500,000 must file with ir-File by the 5th of the month following deductions.

Accident Compensation Corporation  

New Zealand also operates a social security fund which provides compensation for injuries on a no-fault basis. The Accident Compensation Corporation is funded through a combination of levies and government contributions - and is charged at an average rate of 0.72% - 1.2% for employers, employees, and the self-employed.  Contribution rates vary by industry-type and associated levels of risk.


Reporting Tax in New Zealand

Monthly

EMS – Employee Monthly Schedule (also known as IR348)

EDF – Employee Deductions Form (also known as IR345)

These reports are electronically reported, to register go to www.ird.govt.nz – “Get it done online". 

  • All of the statements will be provided from the payroll system automatically.
  • All statements have to be approved by the client.
  • After approval, statements will be transferred directly to the authorities.
  • Originals will be sent directly online to the authorities.
  • Copies will be sent to the Employee and the Employer.

New Employees in New Zealand

To register a new start a completed IRD declaration form will be sent to the IRD by the HR/Payroll department of the clients or provider. The Employee must be registered as soon as they start work, and the IRD number can be issued within 24hrs at a cost of $12 or 10 working days for a standard application.
If Employees have no IRD number or form they are automatically taxed at the highest rate. When setting up a new start the following information is required:

Personal & contact information such as:

  • Name
  • Address
  • Phone number
  • Date of birth
  • Start date
  • Personal Tax details provided by completing the IRD declaration form.
  • Superannuation details by completing the Kiwi Saver form

Leavers in New Zealand

Payment for leavers IN New Zealand must be made by the final day of employment or by agreement.

Payroll in New Zealand

New Zealand employers have certain statutory obligations during the payroll process. Principally, these obligations involve withholding tax and certain social security contributions from employee salaries each pay-cycle.
Tax in New Zealand is charged at progressive rates, in the following bands:

  • Up to $14,000   - 10.5%
  • Over $14,000 to $48,000 - 17.5%
  • Over $48,000 to $70,000 - 30%
  • Over $70,000   - 33%

Although New Zealand’s social security system is officially non-contributory, most employees make contributions on an effectively-mandatory basis to the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC). The ACC provides funds in the event of an accident to all eligible New Zealand employees on a no-fault basis. ACC rates vary by salary, industry type and risk potential, at rates of .072% - 1.2%.

Issuing payslips in New Zealand is not mandatory but most employers still deliver either paper or electronic versions - and employees have the right to access information on how their wage has been calculated. Foreign businesses setting up in New Zealand may choose to outsource their payroll to a service provider in order to ensure compliance, and to ensure their global employee population is paid accurately and on time. Payroll reports in New Zealand must be kept for a minimum of 7 years.

The full guide is available in PDF format for registered users.

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