Taiwan’s Government encourages inward investment to continue to strengthen the economy, with specific incentives aimed at development zones. Taiwan is recognized globally as having a strong entrepreneurial nation and having invested in the development of advanced production processes and manufacturing efficiency.
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Our free global insight guide to Taiwan offers up-to-date information on international payroll, income tax, social security, employment law, employee benefits, visas, work permits and key updates on legislative changes and more in 2024.
Basic Facts about Taiwan
Formal Name: Republic of China
Population: 23.41 million (Worldometer, 2023)
Primary Language: Mandarin Chinese
Monetary Unit: New Taiwan Dollar (NT$)
Main Exports: Electronics, optical and precision instruments, textiles.
Internet Domain: .tw
International Dialing Code: +886
How to say:
Good morning早上好 (zǎoshànghǎo)
Good evening晚安 (wǎnān)
Do you speak English? 你会说英语吗? (nǐ huìbúhuì shuō English?)
Good bye再见 (zàijiàn)
See you later回头见(huítóujiàn)
Doing Business in Taiwan
Taiwan stands as a beacon of technological innovation and economic resilience in Asia.
Renowned for its robust manufacturing capabilities, particularly in electronics and semiconductors, Taiwan offers businesses a strategic platform for growth and expansion. The island's strategic location, close to major Asian markets, provides companies with a competitive edge in logistics and market access.
The Taiwanese government fosters a supportive business environment, characterised by a skilled and highly educated workforce, advanced infrastructure, and a commitment to research and development. The regulatory framework in Taiwan is business-friendly, offering transparency and efficiency in business operations. Intellectual property rights are strongly protected, instilling confidence among investors and businesses alike.
In addition to its industrial prowess, Taiwan boasts a vibrant startup ecosystem, supported by government initiatives and a culture of innovation. Whether you're a multinational corporation seeking a reliable manufacturing base or a startup exploring cutting-edge technologies, Taiwan offers a dynamic and forward-thinking business landscape.
Why Invest in Taiwan?
Investing in Taiwan means tapping into a market known for its high-tech industries, innovation, and stable economic growth.
The island's strategic location provides investors with a gateway to the broader Asian market, while its strong trade relationships and agreements enhance market access and investment security.
Key investment sectors in Taiwan include information technology, renewable energy, biotechnology, and advanced manufacturing. The government actively encourages foreign investment through incentives such as tax breaks, subsidies for research and development, and support for talent recruitment.
Taiwan's commitment to sustainability and green energy presents unique investment opportunities. The government's ambitious plans to increase the use of renewable energy sources have opened avenues for investment in solar, wind, and other clean technologies.
Investors in Taiwan benefit from a transparent legal system, robust intellectual property protections, and a supportive business ecosystem. The island's well-developed financial markets and services provide the necessary tools and resources for successful investment ventures.
Foreign and local investors are treated equally and are both eligible for investment incentives.
Business Banking in Taiwan
It is mandatory to make payments to employees and third-party authorities from an in-country bank account.
Registering a Company and Establishing an Entity in Taiwan
The company is required to have a legal entity established in order to process a payroll.
Certain documents and procedures must be adopted and submitted to the government. It normally takes about three to four weeks for the registration process to be completed.
Taiwan Company (Subsidiary) Registration Procedures:
- Application to Department of Commerce, MOEA to reserve a company name
- Application to Investment Commission of MOEA, SPA or EPZA (based on location of the invested company) for approval of foreign investors
- Application to Investment Commission of MOEA to examine and certify foreign equity investment
- Application to relevant authorities for approval of company registration
- Application to local authorities for business license
Visas and Work Permits in Taiwan
Pursuant to the Employment Service Law, all foreign nationals shall obtain a work permit before they can work in Taiwan. The application for the Work Permit shall be made by the employer in Taiwan. If necessary, the foreign national may use his or her work permit to obtain a resident visa.
The work permit can be granted for a maximum of 3 years.
For your reference, the requirements set for employers and the requirements set for their foreign staff are outlined below:
Requirements for Employers
The company that intends to obtain a work permit for its foreign staff shall comply with one of the following requirements:
For a company not yet incorporated for 1 year:
- Has paid in Capital of at least NT$5,000,000 if it is a company incorporated under ROC law; or
- Has Working Capital of at least NT$5,000,000 if it is a branch office of a Foreign Company.
For a company already operated for more than 1 year:
- Has average annual operational income during the past three years of at least NT$10,000,000; or
- Has Operational Income in the most recent year of at least NT$10,000,000; or
- Has average annual import/export trading volume during the past three years of at least US$1,000,000; or
- Has import/export trading volume in the most recent year of at least US$1,000,000; or
- Has brokerage commission income during the past three years of at least US$400,000; or
- Has brokerage commission income in the most recent year of at least US$400,000.
Requirements Set for Foreign Staff
All foreign nationals who intend to obtain a work permit shall comply with one of the following requirements:
- Has Ph. D. degree or master degree in related field; or
- Graduated from a College or University with major in related field and at least two years’ work experience related to the position to be held; or
- Has at least 5-years outstanding work related to the position to be held
- Has worked at a Multinational Corporation for at least 1 year and being assigned by such corporation to Taiwan
- Professional training certificate
- Special performance
Income Tax in Taiwan
If an entity is newly established, an initial registration for both employer and employee to participate in Social Security Schemes will be required. Subsequent to the initial registration, enrolment or termination of Social Security will be required whenever an employee is newly hired or terminated.
The employer is required to deduct withholding tax when salary related payments are made to the employee.
A resident’s net taxable income is taxed at graduated rates ranging from 5% to 40%. The maximum tax rate is currently 40% on net taxable income earned over 4,530,001 New Taiwan Dollars (TWD). For non-residents subject to tax in Taiwan, the applicable tax rate for the salary income will be fixed at 18% of gross salary income.
Resident withholding tax contributions are to be paid by the 10th of the month following the month that the salary is paid. The withholding tax statement is to be filed by January 31st in the following year for the year covered. Interest surcharge will be imputed for late payment of withholding tax and a penalty will be levied for late filing of a withholding tax statement.
Non-resident contributions for withholding tax and filing for withholding tax statement are to be paid and filed within 10 days following the month the salary is paid. Interest surcharge will be imputed for late payment of withholding tax and a penalty will be levied for late filing of a withholding tax statement.
|Income Range (TWD)
|Up to 540,000
|540,001 to 1,210,000
|1,210,001 to 2,420,000
|2,420,001 to 4,530,000
|4,530,001 to 10,310,000
For regular monthly taxable income, withholding tax is deducted based on the statutory withholding tax table released by the government. The main factors to determine the withholding tax are the amount of monthly taxable income and number of dependents.
Social Security in Taiwan
If an entity is newly established, an initial registration for both employer and employee to participate in Social Security Schemes will be required. Subsequent to the initial registration, enrollment or termination of Social Security will be required whenever an employee is newly hired or terminated.
The types and benefits of Labor insurance coverage are categorized as the following:
Ordinary insurance: There are five different kinds of benefits which are maternity benefits, injury or sickness benefits, disability benefits, old-age benefits and survivor benefits.
Occupational accident insurance: There are four kinds of benefits which are injury and sickness benefits, medical-care benefits, disability benefits and survivor benefits.
The insurance premium of labor insurance is calculated using the insured person's monthly insurance salary and insurance premium rate. The current premium rate of labor insurance is 11% and the premium rate for employment insurance is 1%.
National Health Insurance
The National Health Insurance program is compulsory for all citizens in Taiwan. Every Taiwanese citizen with official residency or foreign national living in Taiwan with an Alien Resident Certificate (ARC), regardless of age, gender, or employment status, must enroll in the program.
The Insurance Premium Rate: 5.17% since January 1, 2021 and is calculated based on the monthly income they report to the National Health Insurance Administration.
For supplementary NHI, the employer will need to pay the supplementary premium when total monthly taxable income exceeds total monthly-insured cap. Further, the employer will be required to deduct 2.11% supplementary NHI, if the accumulated amount of bonus paid during a Tax Year exceeds four times of NHI insured cap of the employee to whom bonus is paid.
The Labor Pension System refers to the system under which an employer is legally obligated to provide retirement pensions to a worker. There are currently two systems in place—an old pension system and a new pension system.
Old-Age Pension – This is a scheme outlined in the Labor Standards Act. Under the old system, every month, an employer contributes a sum that amounts to 2% to 15% of a worker's monthly wage.
Labor Pension Act- The Labor Pension Act came into effect on July 1, 2005. Under this system, the employer contributes 6% or more of a worker's monthly wage.
Social Security payments are to be paid to authorities by the following dates:
- Labour Insurance – 30th of the following month
- Health Insurance – 15th of the following month
- LPA – 25th of the following month
Interest surcharge will be imputed for late payment of Social Security contributions.
Reporting Tax in Taiwan
W/H Tax Payment Slip
For W/H Tax Payment Slip the following information is required:
- Employer’s Name
- Tax ID
- Taxable Income
- W/H Tax
- Number of Employees
Social Security Enrollment and Termination Forms
For social security enrollment and termination forms, the following information is required:
- Employer’s Name
- Insurance No
- Tax ID
- Employee Name
- Birth Date, Insured Cap
- Effective Date
- Dependents Name
- Birth Date
- ID No
A signature is not required on these documents, however, for social security, the company’s stamp and responsible person’s stamp will need to be affixed on the form. In Taiwan, this type of stamp is called a ‘chop’.
All documents can be submitted either by the payroll provider or by the client.
New Employees in Taiwan
New employees have to be registered with Social Security authorities. There are no regulations clearly stating the deadline for the employee to be registered with authorities; however, they should be registered at the on-boarding date.
For setting up a new start, the following information is required:
- Employer’s Name
- Insurance No.
- Tax ID
- Employee Name
- Birth Date
- Insured Cap
- Effective Date
- Dependents Name
- Birth Date
- ID No
Leavers in Taiwan
Payment for leavers must be made within 30 days subsequent to the termination of employment.
For voluntary termination, the employer needs to file termination of social security with authorities.
For involuntary termination, the employer needs not only to file termination of social security, but also report to the government of redundancy with reasons for employee’s termination.
Payroll in Taiwan
Payroll reports must be kept for at least 10 years.
It is legally acceptable in Taiwan to provide employees with online pay slips.
Local language example:
English language example:
Employment Law in Taiwan
Holiday Accrual / Calculations
A worker who continues to work for the same employer or business entity for a certain period of time shall be granted special leave on an annual basis on the following scale:
- 3 days for service of 6 months or more but less than 1 year
- 7 days for service of 1 year or more but less than 2 years
- 10 days for service of 2 years or more but less than 3 years
- 14 days for service of 3 years or more but less than 5 years
- 15 days for service of 5 years or more but less than 10 years
- 1 additional day for each year of service over 10 years up to a maximum of 30 days
Employees on annual leave shall receive full pay.
Maternity leave entitlement is up to eight weeks with full pay after the birth. Where a female employee is pregnant for less than two months but experiences a miscarriage, she is to be given five days of maternity leave. Employees who suffered miscarriage after three months of pregnancy are entitled to four weeks of maternity leave.
The computation of wage during the maternity period shall be in accordance with related laws and regulations. When pregnant employees are diagnosed by a physician as needing to recuperate, their leave-taking and wage during the period of medical treatment, care, or recuperation, shall be in accordance with related laws and regulations.
During an employee’s term of pregnancy, their employer shall grant them five days of leave for pregnancy checkups.
When an employee’s spouse is in labor, their employer shall grant them five days off as paternity leave.
During the maternity period, employees with at least six months of service are entitled to full pay (paid by Employer). Employees with less than 6 months of service are entitled to 50% pay.
Male employees in an organization with more than five employees are entitled to 7 days paid paternity leave for the birth of a child.
Where an employee is required to be treated medically or to rest for injury, sickness or medical reasons, the employee may take sick leave pursuant to the provisions below. Where the aggregate number of days of sick leave taken in a year does not exceed 30 days, half-wages must be paid.
- Where the employee is not hospitalized, the aggregate number of permitted days of sick leave may not exceed 30 days in a year.
- Where the employee is hospitalized, the aggregate number of permitted days of sick leave may not exceed one year within a period of two years.
- The aggregate number of permitted days of sick leave for non-hospitalization and hospitalization may not exceed one year within a period of two years.
- A female employee having difficulties performing her work during menstruation period may request one-day menstrual leave each month. If the cumulative menstrual leaves do not exceed three days in a year, said leaves shall not be counted toward days off for sick leave. All additional menstrual leaves shall be counted toward days off for sick leave. Wages for menstrual leaves, whether said leaves are sick leaves or non-sick leaves as prescribed in the preceding paragraph, shall be half the regular wage.
National Service may be required for education or duty service. Employees are entitled to official leave for National Service with full pay.
Working Days and Working Hours in Taiwan
The working week in Taiwan is Monday to Friday. The working day for commercial offices is typically from 0900 to 1800.
Employee benefits in Taiwan
Travel expenses claimed by employees may be included in the monthly payroll. Car mileage relevant to business use may be claimed and paid along with salary. A company may rent a car for an employee’s use; the rent may be paid by employer directly or reimbursed to employee. If the lease agreement is signed in the name of employee, the rent paid by the employer will be taxable to the employee.
Please note that this document gives general guidance only and should not be regarded as an authoritative or complete statement of the law, regulations or tax position in any country. You should always seek specific advice for each specific situation. This document should not be relied upon as professional advice and activpayroll accepts no liability for reliance on its contents.
Upcoming regulation changes to Taiwan in 2024.
As of 2024, Taiwan has implemented several key changes to its income tax, social security, and employment laws. Below is a summary of the most significant changes:
National Minimum Wage
- Effective from 1 January 2024, the Ministry of Labor in Taiwan increased the minimum wage amount from TWD 26,400 to TWD 27,470 monthly and from TWD 176 to TWD 183 on an hourly basis.
Changes to the Labor Insurance Base:
- LI base from 11,100 to 26,400 is applied to part-time employee.
- LI base from 27,470 to 45,800 is applied to general employee.
- OAI base from 27,470 to 72,800 is applied*
*OAI rate changes from entity to entity and the rate may change from year 2024 for entity with more than 50 employees.
- HI base from 27,470 to 219,500 is applied.
- Average number of HI dependents changes from 0.57 to 0.56
Meal Allowance Exemption Policy
New Meal Allowance Exemption Policy states that the Meal Allowance Exemption Amount in Taiwan has been raised from TWD 2400 to 3000.
Minimum Wage is adjusted to:
- TWD 183 per hour.
- TWD 27,470 per month.
Labour Insurance base from 11,100 to 26,400 is applied to part-time employee.
Labour Insurance base from 27,470 to 45,800 is applied to general employee.
- Occupational accident insurance base from 27,470 to 72,800 is applied
Labor Pension New Scheme (LP/LPA)
- Labour Pension base from 1,500 to 26,400 is applied to part-time employee.
- Labour Pension base from 27,470 to 150,000 is applied to general employee.
Tax for Severance Pay
3 Levels Exemptions are updated as below:
- Severance pay under 198,000 * Seniority will all be non-taxable.
- Severance pay over 198,000 * Seniority but under 398,000 * Seniority will all be half taxable and half non-taxable.
- Severance pay over 398,000 * Seniority will all be taxable.
Foreign Direct Investment in Taiwan
Taiwan is a prime destination for foreign direct investment (FDI), offering a stable, innovative, and strategically located business environment.
The government of Taiwan welcomes FDI as a driver of economic growth, technological advancement, and job creation.
FDI opportunities in Taiwan are diverse, covering various high-growth sectors:
- Technology and Innovation: Taiwan's strength in electronics, semiconductors, and information technology attracts significant FDI. The island's research institutions and tech parks offer fertile ground for cutting-edge development and collaboration.
- Green Energy: With a national focus on sustainable development, Taiwan offers investment opportunities in renewable energy projects, including wind, solar, and smart grid technologies.
- Advanced Manufacturing: Taiwan's advanced manufacturing sector, known for its precision and quality, is a magnet for foreign investment, particularly in industries like automotive, aerospace, and machinery.
- Healthcare and Biotechnology: The growing healthcare and biotech sector in Taiwan, supported by strong government backing and a culture of innovation, presents opportunities for investment in medical devices, pharmaceuticals, and healthcare services.
The Investment Commission of the Ministry of Economic Affairs serves as a one-stop service for foreign investors, providing assistance with investment applications, approvals, and incentives.
Taiwan presents a compelling proposition for doing business, investing, and attracting foreign direct investment. With its strategic location, innovative spirit, and supportive policies, Taiwan stands out as a key player in the global market, offering a welcoming and dynamic environment for businesses and investors aiming for growth and success in the Asia-Pacific region.
National Minimum wage in Taiwan in 2024
Effective from 1 January 2024, the minimum wage amount from TWD 26,400 to TWD 27,470 monthly and from TWD 176 to TWD 183 on an hourly basis.
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